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Chemical Properties: Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol)

Ethyl Alcohol (otherwise known as ethanol) is one of the most widely used chemicals in the world, and provides a plethora of benefits. It is used as a fuel for combustion engines, for disinfection, as a drink, and more. If you are interested in learning more about this fascinating chemical, you came to the right page!

Molecular Formula Of Ethanol

The molecular formula of ethyl alcohol/ethanol is CH3CH2OH. It can be abbreviated to C2H6O. The ‘C’ stands for carbon, and the ‘H’ stands for hydrogen. Each ethanol molecule contains two carbon atoms, 6 hydrogen atoms, and one oxygen atom.

Boiling Point Of Ethanol

The boiling point of ethyl alcohol is 78.5 °C (173.3 °F) at room temperature, and atmospheric pressure (1 atm/14.7 PSI). The low boiling point of ethanol explains why it feels cool to the touch. Chemicals with low boiling points vaporize quickly, and the faster a chemical vapourizes, the greater the cooling effect.

Melting Point Of Ethanol

The melting point of ethanol is -114 °C (- 173 °F).

Heat Capacity Of Ethanol

The heat capacity of ethanol is 111.46 J/(mol K). [Source: Atkins’ Physical Chemistry, Oxford University Press]

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