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# Green Concepts And Projects

## Chevrolet Volt

The Chevy Volt is a mid-sized extended range electric vehicle (EREV) designed to travel approximately 35 miles on battery power alone. The batteries are backed up by a gasoline powered generator which powers the electric motor until the batteries are recharged by plugging the vehicle into a power outlet.

The energy storage system is a liquid cooled lithium-ion battery bank with an energy storage capacity of 16 kWh, or 16 kilowatt-hours. It can be fully charged after 10 hours when plugged into a standard 120 volt power outlet or 4 hours if using a 240 volt outlet. It can be programmed to charge after off-peak hours to save money on your electricity bill as well if you have a smart meter.

The price of the vehicle starts at \$39,145 USD without United States tax credits, and with the \$7,500 tax credit (MSRP – tax credit amount = price after tax credit), it is \$31,645.

Fuel Economy: 2.5 L/100 km or 94 MPGe (miles per gallon equivalent, since it doesn’t use any gasoline in electric mode) combined in electric mode. 6.3 L/100 km or 37 MPG combined when powered by the generator.

How much it adds to your electric bill (the most relevant): 36 kWh/100 miles, or 144 kwh for every 400 miles that you drive. To calculate how much it would increase your electric bill, multiply your electricity rate in dollars per kWh (for example \$0.10 USD per kWh) by the average number of miles you would drive per month.

The average cost of electricity in the United States is \$0.11 per kWh, therefore, to determine how much it costs to drive you 400 miles, assuming you drive this distance monthly, you would multiply \$0.11 by 144 kWh, and the result is \$15.84.

Cost of Chevy Volt Batteries: Cost of EV li-ion battery banks: \$500 to \$1,000 USD per kWh of storage capacity.

Conservatively assumed cost of battery bank: \$16,000 (\$8,000 if the cost is \$.50 per Wh). Conservatively assumed lifespan due to 8 year warranty: 8 years. Therefore, the cost to replace the batteries after 8 years would be \$16,000 in this case which is 39.7% of the cost of the car. The cost to replace the battery bank after 16 years would be \$32,000. Not factored into cost: Inflation, deflation, and decreases in battery cost due to production volume changes or technological advances).

## NLOS-C Diesel-Electric Hybrid Cannon

The NLOSC diesel-electric powered cannon is a part of the United States Army’s Future Combat System and it offers improved efficiency, sustainability, range, responsiveness and lethality. Ammunition handling, loading, and firing are fully automated, and it does so very quickly. It has a 155mm Zone 4, 38 caliber cannon and it rearms itself with 155mm ammunition 50% faster than the Paladin.

## Eliica

The Eliica is a large and high performance battery-powered car with eight wheels and an exotic looking chassis which was developed by a team at Keio university in Tokyo, Japan, led by professor Hiroshi Shimizu. It accelerates from zero to sixty MPH (0-100 kph) in 4.1 seconds, and has a top speed of 230 (370 kph). It has a 60 kilowatt (80 horsepower) electric motor at every wheel, and it produces a total of 480 kilowatts of power or 640 horsepower.

All four of the front wheels turn when steering. It has a regenerative braking system which enables it to recover energy when stopping the car, improving efficiency. It is powered by lithium-ion batteries and is 17 feet (5.1 meters) long. It weights 2,400 kilograms (5,300 pounds) and has a range of 200 km (120 miles).

## The White Zombie

The White Zombie is a high performance and modified electric 1972 Datsun 1200 Coupe, which was designed and built by John “Plasma Boy” Wayland. It’s a street legal drag race vehicle of which the electric propulsion system contains a custom-built series-wound DC motor, the ‘Siamese 8′. This electric racing motor has two armatures on a common shaft and makes so much torque that there is no need for a conventional transmission, clutch, nor flywheel. It is direct-coupled via an aluminium drive line to a Strange aluminium Ford 9″ differential with Detroit Locker and 31 spline axles.

ESS and Controller: The ESS (energy storage system) consists of a lithium iron phosphate battery bank which weighs 175 pounds. Read more about them below: Battery Bank: 880 Lithium Iron Nanophosphate Cells. Voltage: 374 Volts. Weight: 175 Pounds. Controller: 2000 Amp Zilla by ‘Cafe Electric’. Miscellaneous Information: 0-60 MPH (or 0-96 kmph) Time: 2.9 seconds. Fastest Quarter Mile Time: 11.466 seconds at 114.08 MPH. Power Output: 240 HP, 772 Foot Pounds of Torque. Weight: 1,858 Pounds or (842 Kilograms).